The year-long duration of Covid-19 has forced scientists to conduct robust processes of research related to pandemics. These researches have provided some authentic measures to prevent pandemics based on scientific analysis.

Covid-19 has caught us all unprepared. Commoners to politicians and researchers, all had no clue that how to deal with covid-19. So, largely, all of us armed ourselves while we were under attack. What this means is that preventive measures were designed when people were already dying of covid-19. This pandemic has forced all of us to prioritize science, research, and healthcare in our daily lives because these are the major troops who fought this battle of covid-19 in every country. Countries required a lot of background research while formulating their response towards SARS-Cov-2 since 2019, which is a variant of SARS-COV-1.  However, the fact is that any research requires time to provide authentic theories or results which can be used by counties in their policy-making processes. But Covid-19 did not provide this appropriate amount of time. Resultantly, there were a plethora of myths, amateur researches, and flawed home remedies related to covid-19, circulating in communities throughout the last year. Finally, after a year, we are in a position to claim some proven measures to prevent from pandemic which are well researched and tested.

We have 5 practices that can help you cope with this pandemic and the future ones before they turn into catastrophes. This is by no means an exhaustive list, but these are the guaranteed ones. Here’s a snapshot of all these:


Ventilation in Indoor Spaces

Experts from WHO, have encountered the possibility that coronavirus can transmit through the air as well. And indoor closed spaced are most vulnerable to such transmissions. Therefore, experts attach great importance to avoid airborne contact with the virus.

This can be done by Cleaning homes and office spaces thoroughly and regularly. Although this cleaning must include disinfecting surfaces, wearing masks while cleaning, washing hands with a good quality of soap or alcohol, etc. yet ventilation of rooms or apartments is a key to allow the fresh air to flow in and let the existing air contaminants flow out.

Along with living and workspaces, one should not forego the implications of bad conditions in modes of transportation. The closed and congested modes of commuting include cars, trains, air travel, etc. Whereas the first two modes are more inclined towards a high rate of transmission as per evidence in the cases of cabs and public trains. According to a study by Lara Gosce at University College London in 2018, people who used the London underground regularly were more likely to suffer flu-like symptoms than those that didn’t, and such symptoms indicate the transmission of viral disease. So how to prevent yourself while traveling? Well, unsurprisingly, ventilation is again an answer. Ventilate your cars after regular intervals of time along with cleaning the surfaces like door handles, seats, car mats, steering wheels, etc.

And yes, I understand that this may not be possible while traveling by train. In countries of Asia and Africa, a huge population results in congested public spaces including public trains. Normally people have to sit so close to each other in trains but thanks to governmental regulations in times of Covid-19, that people can at least practice some social distance. All you need to know is to select your seat wisely while traveling by train.

  • Do not sit in the same row with another passenger if you have a choice to move back.
  • Keep windows open if there is an option.
  • Do not choose noisy environments, where people must lean in and shout to be heard. Such spaces are at higher risk than quieter spaces. It’s thought to be one of the reasons why nightclubs, bars experience much of the contagion.

Using Face Shields: Masks

Throughout the year 2020, It is evident from the practices of different countries that face masks were vital in controlling the spread of covid-19. For instance, UK initially remained less rigid in enforcing the use of face masks which fostered exponential growth in viral transmission rates. In contrast, Singapore implemented such protective measures at the very beginning of the encounter with the virus and kept the use of face masks mandatory in public places. This helped the country to avoid a catastrophic number of infected cases and death rates. The face mask is a preventive measure that is won out throughout the year.

Face masks help in filtering the air that goes in the human body through nasal cavities while breathing and mouth through speaking or yawning. This way, viral particles can be blocked effectively.

Necessary Handwashing

While living in an infected community, there are high chances that you can contract the virus by handing a book or pen to an infected person or holding anything that has a virus on it. But still, you can protect yourself by washing your hands after regular intervals of time.

A 20-second handwash can protect the transmission of the virus from your skin to your lungs. As Covid-19 is a respiratory disease that has a lot to do with the breathing air that you intake or things that go down your throat. We, humans, tend to touch our face, lips, nose, and clean hands can help us stay protected.


Practice Social Distancing

The practice of maintaining an appropriate amount of distance from people is vital in curbing the spread of the virus. Social distancing helps in minimizing the risk of catching the virus from an unknown “might be” infected person. Practically researchers suggest the distance of 6 feet to maintained with another person in public.

Precaution through Coronavirus vaccines

With immense global pressure, scientists have developed a safe and effective vaccine to boost your immunity. Yes, this vaccine was made in an unusually fast-paced process but this process, as per the BBC report, includes rigorous tests and trials. Next comes the question that how effective is the single dose of vaccine? As per evidence in the report, Oxford-Astrazeneca proved to be almost 80 to 90 percent effective.

Having said that, it is important to note that vaccines are not supposed to prevent the transmission of viruses at all. Vaccines can only help in boosting the immunity of a person. For example, existing Covid-19 vaccines were not tried on the basis of their ability to prevent the transmission of the virus – instead, they were assessed by their ability to prevent people from developing symptoms and falling ill.

However, according to some researches, experts claim that both the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine and the Oxford-Astrazeneca vaccine can help in controlling the transmission rates of the virus.

Conclusion: The level of Precaution increases with the increase in the level of exposure and vulnerability to the virus

It emerged that the virus affected older adults more than younger ones, which demands greater care in these age groups. Older adults from the age of 56 should stay at home as much as they can and avoid unnecessary travel.

Also, Men are more seriously affected by the virus than women because they are more exposed to the virus than women all across the globe. As in Asian Middle Eastern and African countries, women are less involved in working environments, therefore, they were less vulnerable to catch the virus.

Since these are not ultimate facts so I would suggest that follow the preventive measures based on their level of exposure to the virus. For instance, People who spend most of the day while meeting different people, travel in trains or buses, or even take classes, are more vulnerable and exposed to the virus and they must follow the preventive measures religiously, because life matters.





Maham Arshad
Writer at Eastern Fuzz